Everything You Need to Know:

Corns and Calluses


Many people experience discomfort and pain in their feet due to the development of corns and calluses. These common foot problems can be bothersome and even affect our mobility. In this blog post, we will delve into the causes, symptoms, and problems associated with corns and calluses, as well as provide effective solutions for foot care.

What are Corns?

Corns are thickened areas of skin that usually develop on the feet, primarily on the tops and sides of the toes or on the soles of the feet. They form due to excessive pressure or friction on specific areas, leading to the thickening and hardening of the skin. Corns can be categorized into two types: hard corns and soft corns.

Symptoms and Problems of Corns:
  1. Pain and Discomfort: Corns can cause considerable pain, especially when pressure is applied or when wearing tight-fitting shoes. The hardened skin can press on the underlying tissues, leading to soreness and tenderness.
  2. Visible Hardened Skin: Hard corns typically appear as a small, round, raised area of hardened skin with a central core. Soft corns are characterized by a whitish, rubbery texture between the toes, often due to moisture retention.
  3. Skin Sensitivity: Corns can make the surrounding skin sensitive and prone to irritation, redness, and inflammation.

What Causes Corns?

  1. Ill-fitting Shoes: Wearing shoes that are too tight or too loose can create excess pressure and friction on specific areas of the feet, leading to the development of corns.
  2. Foot Abnormalities: Certain foot abnormalities, such as hammer toes or bunions, can cause uneven weight distribution and increased pressure on specific areas of the feet, resulting in corn formation.
  3. High-Impact Activities: Engaging in activities that put excessive pressure on the feet, like running or dancing, can contribute to the development of corns.

How to Prevent and Treat Corns:

  1. Wear Proper-Fitting Shoes: Choose footwear that provides enough room for your toes and prevents excessive friction. Opt for shoes made from breathable materials that allow air circulation.
  2. Use Protective Padding: Apply cushioned pads or toe sleeves to areas prone to corn formation to reduce pressure and friction.
  3. Regular Exfoliation: Gently exfoliate your feet using a pumice stone or foot file to remove dead skin cells and keep the skin smooth.

What are Calluses?

Calluses are thick, toughened areas of skin that develop in response to repeated friction or pressure. Unlike corns, calluses are typically larger and can appear on various parts of the feet, such as the heels or balls of the feet.

Symptoms and Problems of Calluses:
  1. Thickened, Hardened Skin: Calluses often appear as rough, yellowish, or grayish patches of skin that feel hard to the touch.
  2. Discomfort and Pain: While calluses are usually not painful, they can cause discomfort when pressure is applied or when walking or standing for long periods.
  3. Cracked or Split Skin: In some cases, severe calluses can lead to cracks or splits in the skin, which can be painful and increase the risk of infection.

What Causes Calluses?

  1. Friction and Pressure: Repeated friction or pressure on the skin, typically due to ill-fitting shoes, can lead to callus formation. Activities that involve repetitive motions, like running or playing certain sports, can also contribute to calluses.
  2. Improper Foot Mechanics: Certain foot deformities or abnormalities can cause uneven weight distribution, leading to excessive pressure on specific areas and the development of calluses.

How to Prevent and Treat Calluses:

  1. Wear Comfortable Shoes: Choose footwear that fits well, provides adequate cushioning, and reduces friction. Avoid high-heeled shoes or those with narrow-toe boxes.
  2. Moisturize Regularly: Keeping the feet moisturized can help soften the skin and reduce the formation of calluses. Use a quality foot cream or moisturizer.
  3. Use Pumice Stone or Foot File: Regularly exfoliate your feet using a pumice stone or foot file to remove dead skin and reduce the thickness of calluses. Be gentle to avoid causing any damage to the skin.
  4. Apply Protective Padding: Apply cushioned pad to reduce friction and absorb pressure.

Corns and calluses are common foot conditions that can cause discomfort and pain. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and problems associated with corns and calluses is crucial for proper foot care. By following preventive measures, such as wearing appropriate footwear, using protective padding, and practicing regular foot care routines, you can effectively manage and alleviate the symptoms of these conditions. If the pain persists or if you have severe corns or calluses, it is advisable to consult a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan tailored to your specific needs.

Remember, healthy feet are the foundation for an active and pain-free lifestyle.